Input Queue


As the data is transferred from the Link Layer device to the PHY, the data is stored in an input queue. The queue acts as a storage buffer and holds incoming data until it is needed by the device. Since the frame size can be up to 1500 bytes and the device does not begin removing data from the queue until a whole frame is available, the input queue must be at least 1500 bytes wide. To allow for some extra room, the length of the queue was chosen to be 1600 bytes. This allows for at least one frame and the beginning of the next one.

Queue Overflow

The basic functionality of the input queue is to store incoming data until a whole frame is present. The system can then begin removing the data to process it. Since the interface is clocked at 104 MHz and the bus width is 4 bytes, we have an incoming rate of 3228 Mbps. There is no way that data will be removed from the queue at this rate, so an alarm is used to ensure there is no overflow of the queue.

Flag queue

Since the removal of data from the queue depends on whether or not complete frames are available, we must somehow keep track of where the ends of the frames are located. This is accomplished with the use of a flag queue. The flag queue is a 1600 bit queue, that is 1 bit for each byte in the input queue. When the end of a packet is reached, the corresponding bit in the flag queue is set to one. As data is shifted out of the input queue, so are the bits in the flag queue. If an external module needs to find out if an end of packet exists, it just looks to see if the flag queue is zero. If it is, there is not a complete frame.

The input queue is actually a version of the generic queue, which is used as a base for all queues in the system. For a description of the overflow alarm and more information on the queue, see the Generic Queue section.