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1. Programming in C++ — The C++ Language, Libraries, Tools, and Other Topics

Access the textbook via Google Books or Google Play Books.

Access the lecture slides via Google Books or Google Play Books.

1.1 Other Textbooks by the Author

The author also has the following (open-access) textbooks:

1.2 About the Textbook and Lecture Slides

The textbook provides a large collection of exercises for learning to program in C++. The lecture slides provide very detailed coverage of the C++ language, standard library, and much more. For more details, please refer to the abstract for the textbook and lecture slides.

1.3 About the Author

For more details about the author, please visit his home page.

1.4 Abstract

1.4.1 Textbook Abstract

The abstract for the textbook (i.e., exercise book) is as follows:

This book presents a large collection of exercises for learning to program in C++. A study plan for learning C++ based on a collection of video lectures and supplemental reading is also provided.

1.4.2 Lecture Slides Abstract

The abstract for the lecture slides is as follows:

This document, which consists of approximately 2900 lecture slides, offers a wealth of information on many topics relevant to programming in C++, including coverage of the C++ language itself, the C++ standard library and a variety of other libraries, numerous software tools, and an assortment of other programming-related topics. The coverage of the C++ language and standard library is current with the C++20 standard.

C++ PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE. Many aspects of the C++ language are covered from introductory to more advanced. This material includes: the preprocessor, language basics (objects, types, values, operators, expressions, control-flow constructs, functions, namespaces, and comparison), classes, templates (function, class, variable, and alias templates, variadic templates, template specialization, and SFINAE), concepts, lambda expressions, inheritance (run-time polymorphism and CRTP), exceptions (exception safety and RAII), smart pointers, memory management (new and delete operators and expressions, placement new, and allocators), rvalue references (move semantics and perfect forwarding), coroutines, concurrency (memory models, and happens-before and synchronizes-with relationships), modules, compile-time computation, and various other topics (e.g., copy elision and initialization).

C++ STANDARD LIBRARY AND VARIOUS OTHER LIBRARIES. Various aspects of the C++ standard library are covered including: containers, iterators, algorithms, ranges, I/O streams, time measurement, and concurrency support (threads, mutexes, condition variables, promises and futures, atomics, and fences). A number of Boost libraries are discussed, including the Intrusive, Iterator, and Container libraries. The OpenGL library and GLSL are discussed at length, along with several related libraries, including: GLFW, GLUT, and GLM. The CGAL library is also discussed in some detail.

SOFTWARE TOOLS. A variety of software tools are discussed, including: static analysis tools (e.g., Clang Tidy and Clang Static Analyzer), code sanitizers (e.g., ASan, LSan, MSan, TSan, and UBSan), debugging and testing tools (e.g., Valgrind, LLVM XRay, and Catch2), performance analysis tools (e.g., Perf, PAPI, Gprof, and Valgrind/Callgrind), build tools (e.g., CMake and Make), version control systems (e.g., Git), code coverage analysis tools (e.g., Gcov, LLVM Cov, and Lcov), online C++ compilers (e.g., Compiler Explorer and C++ Insights), and code completion tools (e.g., YouCompleteMe, and LSP clients/servers).

OTHER TOPICS. An assortment of other programming-related topics are also covered, including: data structures, algorithms, computer arithmetic (e.g., floating-point arithmetic and interval arithmetic), cache-efficient algorithms, vectorization, good programming practices, software documentation, software testing (e.g., static and dynamic testing, and structural coverage analysis), and compilers and linkers (e.g., Itanium C++ ABI).

1.5 License

The textbook and lecture slides are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. This license allows for a work to be distributed freely, subject to certain quite reasonable conditions (e.g., no commercial use). Refer to the above link for more details on the license.
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1.6 Obtaining the Textbook and Lecture Slides (E-Book and Print)

Note: New editions of the textbook and/or lecture slides are announced on the author's Twitter feed (@mdadams16).

Each of the textbook and lecture-slide documents is identified by a edition/version (such as edition "1.0" or version "2021-04-01"). The edition appears on most pages of the document, allowing different editions to be easily distinguished.

All editions of the textbook and lectures slides that are currently available are listed below. All editions of these documents are available in electronic form (i.e., PDF format) for download from this web page. (See below.) Some editions of these documents may also available in print form via online order from the University of Victoria Bookstore.

It is strongly recommended that the most recent edition of the textbook and lecture slides be employed whenever possible, as this edition will typically contain new and improved material as well as corrections that older editions lack.

1.6.1 Textbook (i.e., Exercise Book)

The available editions of the textbook (i.e., exercise book) are as follows:

1.6.2 Lecture Slides

The available editions of the lecture slides are as follows:

1.7 Git Repository

The lecture slides have a companion Git repository that is hosted by GitHub. This repository contains numerous code examples and programming exercises. The URL for the main web page associated with the repository is:

The URL for the Git repository itself is:

1.8 Software Development Environment (SDE)

The author has setup a basic software development environment for C++ called SDE. The SDE includes recent versions of software such as the GCC and Clang compiler tool chains, Boost, Catch2, GDB, GSL, Hub, Lcov, YouCompleteMe (YCM), and Vim LSP. For more information about SDE, refer to the official web site for SDE on GitHub:

VM disk images for the SDE are available in the Virtual Machine Disk Images section. Instructions on how to use the SDE can be found on the (above) SDE web site. If the VM disk images are used (which already have the SDE installed), the step of installing SDE is not needed. To use the SDE, simply use the sde_shell or sde_make_setup command as described in the SDE documentation.

1.9 Virtual-Machine Disk Images for SDE

Virtual-machine (VM) disk images are available for various versions of the SDE. If you have a hypervisor (i.e., VM software) on your computer, you may find these disk images to be helpful.

The following general information is available for the VM disk images:

The following VM disk images are available for download:

Which Disk-Image Format to Use. The files with a ".gz" extension are compressed using Gzip and will need to be decompressed before use. If the VM software tool directly uses the disk image file (rather than making a copy of it), ensure that the file is both readable and writeable. The particular disk-image format that should be employed will depend on the specific VM software being used. Some VM software tools support multiple disk image formats. VirtualBox supports the VDI format (and possibly others). Many VM software tools on Linux support the QCOW2 format. VMWare supports the VMDK format (and possibly others).

Which Hypervisor Software to Use. If your computer runs Linux with secure boot enabled, it is recommended that you use GNOME Boxes (to avoid the hassle of having to cryptographically sign the kernel modules used by VirtualBox). Otherwise (e.g., if your computer runs MacOS, Windows, or Linux with secure boot disabled), the use of VirtualBox is recommended, as it generally works well and has a less restrictive license than VMWare Workstation Player.

Enabling Virtualization Support in Firmware. If you are using a hypervisor for the first time on your computer, you may need to enable virtualization in your computer's firmware (sometimes called BIOS), as hypervisor typically requires hardware support for virtualization to be enabled and this support is not always enabled by default. In order to enable this support (if required), you should look for firmware configuration settings that relate to virtualization. For example, for 64-bit Intel x86 processors, Intel-VT (Intel Virtualization Technology) support must be enabled, and for 64-bit AMD x86 processors, AMD-V (AMD Virtualization) support must be enabled.

1.10 Video Presentations

1.10.1 Video Presentations for Lecture Slides

The following video presentations are available for the lecture slides:

1.10.2 2019-05 SENG475 Lecture Videos

The course SENG475 (titled "Advanced Programming Techniques for Robust Efficient Computing") was taught using the slide deck available from this web site. All of the lecture content for the course was captured in video format and is available online (via YouTube). An information package for the lecture videos is available that includes:

  • the edition of the lecture slides used in the lecture videos
  • a fully-cataloged list of the slides covered in the lectures, where each slide in the list has a link to the corresponding time offset in the YouTube video where the slide is covered
  • numerous supplemental documents referenced by the slide deck

This package is available in the form of a Zip archive:

The catalog of video lectures from the above Zip archive is also directly available through the following links:

The errata for the video lectures can be found in the following document:

1.11 Supplemental Materials

1.11.1 Linux System Programming

The supplemental materials available for Linux System Programming consist of a slide deck and a companion Git repository. The companion Git repository is hosted by GitHub and can be found at:

The following editions of the slide deck are available:

1.11.2 Clang Libraries

The supplemental materials available for the Clang libraries consist of a slide deck and a companion Git repository. The companion Git repository is hosted by GitHub and can be found at:

The following editions of the slide deck are available:

1.12 Additional References

Some other references that may be helpful are as follows:

  1. C++20 standard draft document N4861 (which is not the official ISO C++20 standard but should be quite close):
  2. C++17 standard draft document N4659 (which is not the official ISO C++17 standard but should be quite close):
  3. C++14 standard draft document N4140 (which is not the official ISO C++14 standard but should be quite close):
  4. C++11 standard draft document N3337 (which is not the official ISO C++11 standard but should be quite close):